Lesson 4




Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

Write the Key Verse from memory.

Provide a reference which explains what angels are.

Tell how angels originated.

Identify two kinds of angels.

Identify their sphere of activity.

Summarize the ministry of angels in spiritual warfare.

Identify attributes of angels.

Identify various classifications of angels.

Give a Scripture reference which explains the organization of the angelic host.


The angel of the Lord encampeth round about them that fear Him, and delivereth them. (Psalms 34:7)


In the last chapter you learned of the Trinity of God which includes God the Father, God the Son Jesus Christ, and God the Holy Spirit. You learned of their origin, attributes, and functions in spiritual warfare.

This chapter continues the study of the spiritual forces of good. It explains the origin, attributes, sphere of activity, classification, and organization of angels. It also explains their ministry in
spiritual warfare.


Angels are ministering spirits sent by God to do His will:

Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation. (Hebrews 1:14)

The title "angel" means messenger.


Angels were created by God:

Praise ye Him, all His angels: praise ye Him, all His hosts.

Let them praise the name of the Lord: For He commanded and they were

created. (Psalms 148:2 and 5)

For by Him were all things created, that are in Heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him and for Him. (Colossians 1:16.)

All the angels were righteous and holy when they were first created. They worshiped and served the one true God. Later, some angels rebelled against God and lost their position as angels.
They became part of a force of evil called "demons."

There are now two kinds of angels: Good angels, which are the subject of this chapter, and evil angels (demons) which will be discussed in Chapter Six of this course.


The good Angels have been organized by God in a special order. The Bible does not reveal the details of that order, but it does indicate such organization:

For by Him were all things created, that are in Heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him and for Him. (Colossians 1:16; See also Ephesians 3:10)

The organization of the invisible world is described here in terms of thrones, dominions,

principalities, and powers. We are not given details of this structure. You will learn later how Satan has imitated this organization in his own structure of evil forces.


There are literally multitudes of angels (Luke 2:13-15) who are apparently classified according to the duties they perform. These are the main classifications of angels:


This class of angels is most likely the largest in number. These are the angels composing the

innumerable group, visualized by Daniel (Daniel 7:10), who carry out the will of God in Heaven and earth. This is the group that usually relates to the believer in terms of spiritual warfare.
They interpret God’s will, protect, provide guidance, bring answers to prayer, announce, warn, instruct, bring judgment, encourage, sustain, deliver, and intercede on behalf of believers.


Only one reference is made to elect angels in I Timothy 5:21. There is no further information given about this group.


This classification of angels is first mentioned in Genesis 3:24. They are also mentioned as part of the ark of the covenant (Exodus 25:18-22). Ezekiel mentions these beings and describes them as having four appearances; the face of a lion, the face of an ox, the face of a man, and the face of an eagle (Ezekiel 1:3-28; 10:22). This symbolism of the cherubim suggests they are the living creatures surrounding the throne of God in Revelation 4:6. They appear to be the highest order of angels, the guardians of God.


This group is mentioned in Isaiah 6:2,6. Their position is above the throne of God in contrast to the position of cherubims who surround His throne. The duty of these angels seems to be to lead Heaven in the worship of God.


This group of angels are mentioned in Revelation 4:6,8; 5:6. This title presents these angels as manifesting the fullness of divine life, whose chief ministry appears to be worship of God.


In addition to the different classifications of angels, there are some individual angels mentioned by name in the Bible:


Michael the archangel is mentioned by name in Daniel 10:13,21; 12:1; Jude 9; and Revelation
12:7. He is the only angel who is called an archangel. He is represented as having charge over
an army of angels in Revelation 12:7 and is said to be the prince of the people of Israel in Daniel
10:13,21; 12:1.


The meaning of his name is "mighty one." He is mentioned in Daniel 8:16; 9:21; and in Luke 1:19,26. He is always used to deliver an important message from God. It is Gabriel who
interpreted the vision for Daniel in 8:16; 9:21 and who announced the birth of John and Jesus
Luke 1:19,26.


The Bible also mentions special groups of angels which include:

Angels of the seven churches: Revelation1 :20

Four angels who control the winds: Revelation 1:7

Seven angels who stand before God: Revelation 8:2

Seven angels who administrate the seven last plagues: Revelation 15:1,7

Twenty-four elders (these may be angelic beings): Revelation 4 and 5


You will remember from the last chapter that attributes are personality traits or characteristics of

an individual. Angels…

Are spirits: Hebrews 1:14

Are sexless: Luke 20:34-36

Are immortal: Matthew 22:28-30

Have both visible and invisible forms: Numbers 22:22-35

Appear with the likeness of human form: Genesis 19:1-22; 18:2,4,8

Have emotions: Luke 15:1-10 (angels rejoicing).

Have appetites: Genesis 18:8

Are glorified beings: Luke 9:26

Are intelligent: II Samuel 14:20

Are meek: Jude 9

Are powerful: Psalms 103:20; II Peter 2:11

Have no need to rest: Revelation 4:8

Travel at an unrecorded speed: Revelation 8:13; 9:1

Speak languages: I Corinthians 13:1

Are innumerable: Luke 2:13; Hebrews 12:22; Psalms 68:17; Mark 1:13; Revelation 5:19

Are immortal: Luke 20:34-36

Do not marry or have children: Luke 20:34-36

Are obedient: Psalms 103:20

Are holy: Revelation 14:10; Mark 8:38

Are reverent: Their highest activity is the worship of God. Nehemiah 9:6; Philippians 2:9-11; Hebrews 1:6


Angels are active in both Heaven and earth. The source of their power is both granted and governed by God. They have access to the presence of God in Heaven:

…In Heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in Heaven. (Matthew 18:10)

They are also active on earth. This is documented by the varied ministries and many appearances of angels to people recorded in the Bible.


Angels minister in many ways in both Heaven and earth. Look up each of the following references in your Bible. As you study these verses you will understand the importance of angels in spiritual warfare.

The ministry of angels in Heaven includes:

Worship: Revelation 4:8; 5:11-12; Isaiah 6:3; Psalms 103:20; 148:1-2

Standing ready to do God’s will: Psalms 103:20-21

Ministering to the godly who have died in Christ Jesus: Jude 9; Luke 16:22

Representing children in a special way: Matthew 18:10

Rejoicing over those who accept the Gospel: Luke 15:10

The ministry of angels on earth includes:

Ruling nations: Daniel 10

Ministering to believers in times of testing: Matthew 4:11

Strengthening believers: Luke 22:43

Interpreting God’s will for men: Zechariah 1:9; Daniel 7:16

Guiding believers: Acts 8:26.

Bringing judgment on individuals and nations: Acts 12:23; Genesis 19:3; II Samuel

24:16; Revelation 16:1

Bringing answers to prayer: Daniel 9:21-22

Announcing: Luke 1:11-20; Matthew 1:20, 21

Warning: Matthew 2:13;

Instructing: Matthew 28:2-6; Acts 10:3-6; Daniel 4:13-17

Encouraging: Acts 27:23; Genesis 28:12

Revealing: Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19; Hebrews 2:2; Daniel 9:21-27; Revelation 1:1

Sustaining: Matthew 4:11; Luke 22:43

Preserving: Genesis 16:7; 24:7; Exodus 23:20; Revelation 7:1

Protecting: Psalms 91:11

Delivering: Numbers 20:16; Psalms 34:7; Isaiah 63:9; Daniel 3:28; 6:22; Genesis 48:16;

Matthew 26:53; Acts 12:1-19

Destroying: Acts 12:20-23

Interceding: Zechariah 1:12; Revelation 8:3,4

The future activities of angels will include:

Participating in the return of Jesus: I Thessalonians 4:16

Gathering the elect: Matthew 24:31

Warning and preaching during the tribulation: Revelation 14:6-9

Separating the wicked from the righteous: Matthew 13:39 and 49

Binding Satan: Revelation 20


The Messenger angels are the group that usually relates to the believer in terms of spiritual

warfare. They interpret God’s will, protect, provide guidance, bring answers to prayer,

announce, warn, instruct, bring judgment, encourage, sustain, deliver, and intercede on behalf of believers in battle.

Many believers have not availed themselves of the aid available from angels because they have not been taught regarding their function in spiritual warfare. They are "ministering spirits" and can minister for you as well as to you. You can ask God to dispatch angels to assist you in battle. King David did this. He prayed…

Let the angel of the Lord persecute them…Let the angel of the Lord chase them… (Psalms 35:5-6)

Read the following Biblical accounts of angels participating in warring against the enemy: II Kings 19:35; II Chronicles 32:21; Isaiah 37:36; Revelation 12:7.


Angels are holy beings with important ministries on behalf of believers. They are part of the

spiritual forces of good as is the Trinity of God. But the Bible gives some warnings concerning angels:


You are not to worship angels:

Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and

worshiping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind. (Colossians 2:18)

And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things.

Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellow servant and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: Worship God. (Revelation 22:8-9)


Some people have claimed to see angels who gave them a "new revelation" contrary to God’s written Word. Entire religious movements have been founded on such false revelations. The Bible warns:

But though we, or an angel from Heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.
(Galatians 1:8)

You are not to listen to a man, an angel, or any other being that would guide you contrary to God’s Word. As you will learn later in this course, one of the main strategies of Satan is deception. The Bible warns:

And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. (II Corinthians 11:14)


Read the story of Balaam in Numbers 22, a prophet who was acting in disobedience to God.

You will note that he was opposed by an angel of the Lord. When you are disobedient to God, the angels may actually hinder you. You will be fighting a battle, but it will not be warfare against the enemy. Be careful that you do not provoke the angels of God (Ecclesiastes 5:1-6).