THE ANOINTING TO LEAD
Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:
C Write the Key Verse from memory.
C Define "anointing .”
C Identify three types of anointings.
C Explain the purpose of each type.
C Identify the source of spiritual anointing.
C Discuss purposes of the anointing.
C Identify the basis for the anointing of God.
C Discuss forces opposing those anointed by God.
C Explain why it is important to minister only in the position for which you are
C Explain how to maintain the fresh anointing of God.
But my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of an unicorn; I shall be anointed with fresh oil. (Psalms 92:10)
The Lord wants leaders to be successful and to impact the world for the Kingdom of God. How can you be that kind of leader? Having knowledge of practical areas and the general tasks of leaders will help you become a successful leader. There are Biblical
qualifications for leaders which are also necessary. Spiritual gifts, skills , education , and experience are important too. You will study about these later.
But the most important thing for leaders is to be anointed by the Holy Spirit. Without the anointing of God you cannot effectively lead, organize , mobilize, or evangelize. This
chapter focuses on the anointing of the Holy Spirit which is necessary for those called and chosen by God for leadership.
To "anoint" means to dedicate or consecrate someone or something by applying oil. Oil is symbolic of the Holy Spirit.
THE ANOINTED ONE
The name "Christ" in the Greek language means "the anointed one.” Jesus introduced His earthly ministry by proclaiming:
The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He hath anointed me… (Luke 4:18)
Jesus made it clear that it was by the anointing of the Holy Spirit He was able to…
…preach the Gospel to the poor…heal the brokenhearted…preach
deliverance to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind…to set at liberty them that are bruised…to preach the acceptable year of the Lord. (Luke 4:18-19)
If it was necessary for Jesus to be anointed to minister, then it is necessary for us also.
THE THREE ANOINTINGS
There are three different anointings mentioned in the Old Testament. They are natural examples or "types" of spiritual experiences which God wants leaders to have:
THE LEPER’S ANOINTING: RELATIONSHIP
Leprosy is a dreaded disease which slowly consumes the flesh of its victim. The toes, fingers, and other body parts eventually rot and fall off.
In Old Testament times a person with leprosy was called a leper. The leper was banned from his community because the disease was contagious. To keep others from coming in contact with him he was required to cry out "unclean" wherever he went. Leprosy would slowly eat away his physical body and he would die a painful death.
In the Bible, God uses natural examples to illustrate spiritual truths. Leprosy is used as an example of sin. Just as leprosy destroys the physical body, sin will destroy you spiritually and it will destroy your ministry.
In the Old Testament law, God gave specific instructions for the cleansing of a person
with leprosy . Read these in Leviticus 14 in your Bible before proceeding with this lesson.
Each of the instructions you just read are symbolic of the cleansing you must experience spiritually :
A Bird Bearing Away The Guilt Of Sin: This is symbolic of Jesus shedding His blood to bear away your sin.
Repentance And Confession: This is what you must do to be born again and cleansed from
Running Water: This is symbolic of water baptism .
The Anointing Of Oil: This is symbolic of the work of the Holy Spirit in your life. Note that the oil was to be placed on the ear, thumb, and toe of the leper. Applying this to leadership, we must experience a similar spiritual anointing of …
The Ear: To be able to hear God’s voice.
The Hand: To be able to serve Him .
The Toe: To walk in proper relationship with Him .
The most important anointing for leaders is this "leper’s" anointing because it is symbolic of personal relationship. Your own relationship with God must be right if you are to lead others . You must be born-again, be able to hear God’s voice, serve Him, and walk in
proper relationship with Him .
THE PRIEST’S ANOINTING: HOLINESS
Leaders should also experience the priestly anointing. Read about this in Exodus 29 and 30 and in Leviticus 8 before proceeding with this lesson. The priestly anointing was an anointing for holiness, being set apart to God for His service by right living and behavior.
In Old Testament times, there were many things a priest could not do because of the
holiness of his office. Because of his special anointing to lead, some things would defile a priest which might not defile other members of the congregation of Israel.
As a leader, you must experience the priestly anointing of holiness and be set apart for the service of God. You must live in harmony with God’s Word. There may be things you cannot do because of the holiness of your office. Because of your special anointing to lead others, there are things which will defile you which might not defile others.
THE LEADER’S ANOINTING: POSITION AND POWER
The third type of anointing in the Old Testament is the leader’s anointing. It was an
anointing for those who would guide God’s people as leaders, such as kings, prophets, captains, etc . The leader’s anointing was one which established a leader’s God-given position and gave him the power to fulfill that position.
For example, the anointing of Saul was to the position of captain over God’s people:
Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the Lord hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance? (I Samuel 10:1)
The anointing of David is recorded in I Samuel 16. This passage makes it clear that the power of the Lord came upon David because of the anointing:
So he (David’s father) sent and brought him (David) in. Now he was ruddy and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the Lord said, Arise, anoint him; for this is he.
Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his
brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward. (I Samuel 16:12-13)
The leader’s anointing was to impart the position , power, and authority of the office. With this anointing, God’s Spirit came upon a person so he could properly lead God’s people. The New Testament promise of this anointing of power is found in Acts 1:8.
But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth. (Acts 1:8)
The fulfillment of this promise is recorded in Acts 2. The Baptism in the Holy Spirit is the New Testament fulfillment of the leader’s anointing of power.
The New Testament anointing of position is described in Ephesians:
And He gave some apostles; and some prophets; and some evangelists; and some, pastors, and teachers. (Ephesians 4:11)
God has anointed certain people to leadership positions in the Church and has provided the anointing of power to equip them to fulfill their callings.
THE ANOINTING IS FROM GOD
These three anointings , which are symbolic of those leaders must experience , all come from God. When Samuel anointed Saul, he said, "The Lord hath anointed thee…" (I
Samuel 10 :1; 15:1 7). When Jesus proclaimed His anointing, He said "The Lord hath
anointed me" (Luke 4:1 8; see also Acts 1 0:3 8). It is God who raises up the anointed . God said to Samuel:
And I (God) will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do according to that which is in mine heart and in my mind;…and he shall walk before mine
anointed for ever. (I Samuel 2:35)
You do not experience the anointing by being ordained by an organization or
denomination (although there is nothing wrong in doing this). The anointing for leadership comes from God:
But the anointing which ye have received of Him abideth in you… (I John 2:27)
Stephen was ordained by man as a deacon. He was anointed by God as an evangelist (Acts 6 ). It is the anointing of God, not of man , that is most important.
THE BASIS OF THE ANOINTING
On what basis does God give this anointing? God does not anoint on the basis of
intelligence, education, experience , or abilities. The anointing is not based on outward appearance. It is based on the attitude of the heart.
When Samuel went to the house of Jesse to anoint a new king, he was looking for a man with great outward appearance:
And it came to pass, when they were come, that he (Samuel) looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the Lord’s anointed is before Him.
But the Lord said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the
height of his stature; because I have refused him; for the Lord seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on the heart. (I Samuel 16:6-7)
God anointed David because of the attitude and condition of his heart. God looks at what you are inside.
PURPOSES OF THE ANOINTING
Here are some purposes of the anointing:
FULFILL GOD’S PURPOSES:
The anointing is given to leaders to enable them to fulfill God’s purposes. Jesus made this quite clear:
The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor, he hath send me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised. (Luke 4:18)
GIVE WISDOM TO LEAD:
The anointing gives you the wisdom to lead others instead of needing to be led:
But the anointing which ye have received of Him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you; but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in Him. (I John 2:27)
DESTROY THE YOKE:
It is the anointing which destroys the spiritual yokes which bind the men and women to which you minister. The Bible indicates there are three types of yokes:
1. There is the yoke of sin:
I am the Lord your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt
(sin) that ye should not be their bondsmen; and I have broken the bands of
your yoke and made you go upright. (Leviticus 26:13)
2. There is the yoke which keeps people in bondage to "flesh" or "self,” which is the
old sin nature:
For that which I do I allow not; for what I would, that I do not; but what I
hate, that do I. (Romans 7:15)
3. There is the yoke of man which is bondage put on you by other people. This yoke
can include guilt, tradition , or impossible standards of behavior which are imposed
For they bind heavy burdens and grevious to be borne and lay them on men’s shoulders but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers… (Matthew 23:4)
The anointing destroys all of these yokes:
…And the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing. (Isaiah 10:27)
These yokes will not be destroyed by deep teaching. They will not be destroyed by
education, counseling, or organization. They will be destroyed by the anointing of God upon spiritual leaders who know how to bring the message of deliverance to those in
God anoints people for specific positions or callings in ministry. For example, the position of the priests was determined "by reason of the anointing" (Numbers 18:8).
The New Testament makes it clear that God gives different spiritual gifts and callings to believers. You must know your personal calling of God, your spiritual gifts, and your
specific purpose in God’s plan in order to walk in the anointing of the Holy Spirit. If you try to serve in a position for which you have neither been called or anointed, you will
This brings us to another important point about anointing …
WALK IN YOUR OWN ANOINTING
God anoints people to specific spiritual offices, positions, and callings. Many leaders fail because they do not recognize this fact. They try to perform ministries to which they have neither been called or anointed:
-Read Numbers 1 6. When Korah and his men claimed to have the same anointing as Moses, God proved differently.
-Read Numbers 17. God proved His anointing rested upon Aaron in a special way.
-Read I Samuel 13:8-14. When King Saul tried to serve in an office for which he had received no anointing , he was judged and rejected by God.
-Read Acts 19:13-16. When the seven sons of a priest named Sceva tried to minister in an anointing they did not possess, they experienced
Minister in your own anointing or you will be ineffective and experience great difficulties in ministry.
If you are anointed by God you can expect opposition from Satan and his forces, as well as ungodly men:
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his anointed… (Psalms 2:2)
Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O Lord; wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed. (Psalms 89:51)
Ungodly forces want to hinder you because they know it is anointed ministry which accomplishes God’s purposes.
THE FRESH ANOINTING
David speaks of "fresh oil,” which is symbolic of the fresh , continued anointing of God:
But my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of an unicorn; I shall be anointed with fresh oil. (Psalms 92:10)
You maintain a fresh anointing of God’s power through continually experiencing the three types of anointing previously studied.
THE LEPER’S ANOINTING: RELATIONSHIP:
Your anointing will not be fresh unless your personal relationship with God is
maintained. You must keep in contact with God through prayer and Bible study if you
are to hear His voice, serve Him, and walk in His ways. Ministering in position and
power without relationship will result in losing your own experience and becoming a
But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway. (I Corinthians 9:27)
Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the Kingdom of Heaven; but He that doeth the will of my Father which is in Heaven.
Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you; depart from me, ye that work iniquity. (Matthew 7:21-23)
THE PRIEST’S ANOINTING: HOLINESS:
You must maintain a life of holiness if you are to experience the fresh anointing of God upon your ministry. You must be morally pure and be a person of integrity and honesty in every area of your life and ministry.
THE LEADER’S ANOINTING: POSITION AND POWER:
You must serve in the position to which God has called you. You must not emulate
(imitate ) the ministries and callings of others . You also must experience the continual infilling of the Holy Spirit which assures spiritual power for the tasks God has given you.
HOW THEY FUNCTION TOGETHER
These three anointings function together to keep God’s anointing fresh in your life.
-Without relationship, you cannot experience power and you will not be able to live a holy life .
-To stress holiness apart from power will result in legalism .
-To have power and position without living a holy life will put you into a situation of ministering to others while becoming a "castaway" yourself.